|5 August, 2007: Forefeast of the Transfiguration
||[Aug. 5th, 2007|12:33 am]
Catholic Bible Study
Starting this week, in addition to the Roman Catholic liturgical readings I will be posting the Byzantine liturgical readings as well, with the appropriate tropars and kontaks for the day. Hopefully it will provide some prayerful aids in the community members spiritual lives. I'm also hoping it will provide the Roman Catholic members of the community some exposure to the beautiful riches of the East.
(For everybody to know, I am Roman Catholic and I will also be personally enriched by posting the liturgical readings and learning quite a bit about the Byzantine liturgical life.)
A forefeast, as the word implies, is a period of time preceding major feasts. It all depends on the feast being anticipated, for the particular feast in question, the Transfiguration, the forefeast lasts one day. Other forefeasts can last from one to five days.
Troparion of the Forefeast - Tone 4*
Come, you faithful, let us welcome the Transfiguration of Christ/ and let us joyfully cry as we celebrate the forefeast:/ The day of holy gladness has come./ The Lord has ascended Mount Tabor/ to radiate the beauty of His Divinity.
Kontakion of the Forefeast - Tone 4*
All mortal nature is shining today with the divine Transfiguration/ and is crying with exultation:/ Christ the Savior of all is transfigured.
*Byzantine liturgical life follows eight different singing tones for each week and the hymns of the Divine Liturgy will be sung according to a given tone in cyclical fashion. Feasts and such normally have specified tones though.
A Reading from the Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians (1 Cor. 4:9-16)
9 For I think that God hath set forth us apostles, the last, as it were men appointed to death: we are made a spectacle to the world, and to angels, and to men. 10 We are fools for Christ's sake, but you are wise in Christ; we are weak, but you are strong; you are honourable, but we without honour. 11 Even unto this hour we both hunger and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no fixed abode; 12 And we labour, working with our own hands: we are reviled, and we bless; we are persecuted, and we suffer it. 13 We are blasphemed, and we entreat; we are made as the refuse of this world, the offscouring of all even until now. 14 I write not these things to confound you; but I admonish you as my dearest children. 15 For if you have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet not many fathers. For in Christ Jesus, by the gospel, I have begotten you. 16 Wherefore I beseech you, be ye followers of me, as I also am of Christ.
Note: The first reading is called the "Apostle Reading" because it is always taken from the Acts of the Apostles or from one of the Epistles.
A Reading from the Holy Gospel According to St. Matthew (Matt. 17:14-23)
14 And when he was come to the multitude, there came to him a man falling down on his knees before him, saying: Lord, have pity on my son, for he is a lunatic, and suffereth much: for he falleth often into the fire, and often into the water. 15 And I brought him to thy disciples, and they could not cure him. 16 Then Jesus answered and said: O unbelieving and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I suffer you? bring him hither to me. 17 And Jesus rebuked him, and the devil went out of him, and the child was cured from that hour. 18 Then came the disciples to Jesus secretly, and said: Why could not we cast him out? 19 Jesus said to them: Because of your unbelief. For, amen I say to you, if you have faith as a grain of mustard seed, you shall say to this mountain, Remove from hence hither, and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible to you. 20 But this kind is not cast out but by prayer and fasting. 21 And when they abode together in Galilee, Jesus said to them: The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men: 22 And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall rise again. And they were troubled exceedingly. 23 And when they were come to Capharnaum, they that received the didrachmas, came to Peter and said to him: Doth not your master pay the didrachmas?
P.S. Future posts will be shorter than this one, I just wanted to provide some back up information for those who may not know anything about the Byzantine rite.